Was Cicero a consul?
Cicero was elected Consul for the year 63 BC, defeating patrician candidate Lucius Sergius Catilina (Catiline). During his year in office he thwarted a conspiracy to overthrow the Roman Republic, led by Catiline.
What did Verres do?
Gaius Verres (c. 120–43 BC) was a Roman magistrate, notorious for his misgovernment of Sicily. His extortion of local farmers and plundering of temples led to his prosecution by Cicero, whose accusations were so devastating that his defence advocate could only recommend that Verres should leave the country.
How did Cicero beat Verres?
Cicero touched very little on Verres’ extortion crimes in Sicily in the first speech. Instead, he took a two-pronged approach, by both inflating the vanity of the all-senator jury and making the most of Verres’ early character.
What did Cicero prosecute Verres for?
In 70 BC, when Gnaeus Pompeius and Marcus Licinius Crassus shared the consulship for the first time, Rome’s rising star in oratory, Marcus Tullius Cicero, successfully prosecuted Gaius Verres on the charge of misconduct, especially extortion, during his term as governor of Sicily (73-71 BC).
Who defended Verres?
Publicity about senatorial corruption was useful in undermining public confidence in the courts, which had been assigned to the senatorial order by Sulla. Verres’ advocate, Quintus Hortensius Hortalus, had been elected consul for 69 and tried to drag the trial out until he was in that position.
What did Cicero write?
|Subjects||Politics, law, philosophy, rhetoric|
|Literary movement||Golden Age Latin Eclectic philosophy|
|Notable works||Orations: In Verrem In Catilinam I–IV Philosophy: Academica De Oratore De re publica De Natura Deorum De Officiis Tusculanae Quaestiones De Divinatione De Fato|
How did Cicero rise to power?
Cicero was elected quaestor in 75, praetor in 66 and consul in 63—the youngest man ever to attain that rank without coming from a political family. During his term as consul he thwarted the Catilinian conspiracy to overthrow the Republic.
What are the Marshall’s three dimensions of citizenship?
T. H. Marshall (1950) defined citizenship as ‘full membership of a community’. According to him, citizenship is constituted by three elements: civil, political and social (which are resumed in the following scheme).