What is meant by Gandhara?

What is meant by Gandhara?

Filters. An ancient kingdom that occupied parts of present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan.

What is Gandhara architecture?

The architecture of Gandhara, like its sculpture, combines local characteristics with elements derived from both Indian and western precedents. The major archaeological sources for the architecture and sculpture of Gandhara are the remains of religious establishments such as stupas and monasteries.

What is the Gandhara school of art?

Gandhara school of art was one of the major schools of art in the history of ancient India. One example of the Gandhara style of art is the Bamiyan Buddha statues. It mostly flourished in the areas of Afghanistan and present North-Western India. The prominent locations were Taxila, Peshawar, Begram, and Bamiyan.

Who is the king of Gandhara?

King Subala

What were the causes of fall decline of Gandhara civilization?

Some historians say that his injuries in India were the main cause of his demise later. Alexander’s sojourn on the outskirts of the Indian Subcontinent was shortlived. By 316 BCE another great empire, the Mauryan, from the east, had already established firm control on the Gandhara region.

What is the difference between Gandhara and Mathura?

In Gandhara images, eyes are longer; ear lobes shorter and noses sharper and better defined. Mathura tradition, Buddha images have longer ear lobes, thicker lips, wider eyes and prominent nose. This school use grey sandstone, stucco (lime plaster). This school used red stone for making the sculptures.

What does Kanishka mean?

Kanishka is a Common girl name which meaning are An ancient king; Small; A king who followed Buddhism. Kanishka name origin is Hindi and lucky number 11. Name. Kanishka. Gender.

Why did Kanishka patronize Buddhism?

They claimed that like his great forerunner Ashoka, Kanishka in his later days being regretful of his past deeds, had embraced Buddhism for peace and consolation. Asvaghosha virtually converted Kanishka into a Buddhist. Buddhism had a word of solace and peace for all the seekers of peace and tranquility.

What is the central theme of Buddhism?

Buddhism encourages its people to avoid self-indulgence but also self-denial. Buddha’s most important teachings, known as The Four Noble Truths, are essential to understanding the religion. Buddhists embrace the concepts of karma (the law of cause and effect) and reincarnation (the continuous cycle of rebirth).

What is meant by Gandhara?

What is meant by Gandhara?

The name of Gandhara may have several meanings, but the most prominent theory relates its name to the word Qand/Gand which means “fragrance”, and Har which means ‘lands’. Hence in its simplest form, Gandhara is the ‘Land of Fragrance’.

Who is Gandhara Buddha?

Gandhāran Buddhism refers to the Buddhist culture of ancient Gandhāra which was a major center of Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent from the 3rd century BCE to approximately 1200 CE. Buddhist Gandhāra was also influential as the gateway through which Buddhism spread to Central Asia and China.

What was the religion of Gandhara?

Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. In Gandhara, Mahayana Buddhism flourished and Buddha was represented in human form. Under the Kushans new Buddhists stupas were built and old ones were enlarged.

How do you describe Gandhara style?

Gandhara artists created numerous statues of the Buddha in a relatively naturalistic (or realistic) fashion. He was represented in the style of the Greek god Apollo, with a youthful, rather sweet-featured face and wavy hair. The Buddha figures were dressed in garments like those seen on statues from the Roman Empire.

Where is Gandhara today?

Gandhara, historical region in what is now northwestern Pakistan, corresponding to the Vale of Peshawar and having extensions into the lower valleys of the Kābul and Swāt rivers. In ancient times Gandhara was a trade crossroads and cultural meeting place between India, Central Asia, and the Middle East.

Is Gandhar in Afghanistan?

Gandhara is a historical region that encompassed areas of present-day north-western Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan, broadly corresponding to the Vale of Peshawar and extending further into the lower valleys of the Kabul and Swat Rivers.

Who was the king of Gandhara?

As the story goes, King Subala ruled Gandhara some 5500 years ago. He had a daughter named Gandhari, who was married to the prince of Hastinapur kingdom, Dhritrashtra. Gandhari also had a brother, Shakuni, who later took over the kingship of Gandhara after his father’s death.

Why did shakuni destroy Kauravas?

Shakuni’s father and siblings protested, and for that, they were thrown into jail. He was imprisoned too. They all died in front of him, his father making him promise that he would exact vengeance. This became the reason why Shakuni wanted to destroy Hastinapur.