What Native American group lived in Chaco Canyon?
Chaco Canyon, a center for the Anasazi people, was a trade hub and home to over twelve thousand people. The Chacoans, a branch of the Anasazi people living in the canyon, created over four hundred miles of roads that connected the town to other villages in the region.
What town is closest to Chaco Canyon?
Bloomfield, Aztec and Farmington, New Mexico, are the closest towns to Chaco Canyon National Historical Park’s main north road.
How long is Chaco Canyon?
Plan to spend at least 3 to 4 hours here driving to and exploring the different pueblos. A one-way road from the visitor center loops up one side of the canyon and down the other. Parking lots are scattered along the road near the various pueblos; from most, it’s only a short walk to the ruins.
How do you get to Chaco Culture National History Park?
Chaco Canyon Historical Park map, from the National Park Service web site. To get there, you can travel from the Albuquerque area along New Mexico State Highway 550 most of the way. It’s a four lane freeway running diagonally through the state between Albuquerque and Farmington.
What was Chaco Canyon used for?
Chaco Canyon served as a major center of ancestral Puebloan culture. Remarkable for its monu mental buildings, distinctive architecture, astronomy, artistic achievements, it served as a hub of ceremony, trade, and administration for the Four Corners Area unlike anything before or since.
Is Chaco Canyon in Arizona?
Chaco Canyon is located in northwestern New Mexico. The park can only be accessed by driving on dirt roads.
Why did Chaco Canyon come to an end?
But by the end of the 12th century, Chaco Canyon had been abandoned. No one knows why for sure, but the thinking among archaeologists has been that excessive logging for firewood and construction caused deforestation, which caused erosion, which made the land unable to sustain a large population.
What do we think led the abandonment of Chaco Canyon by ancient Puebloans?
From the 12th to the 13th centuries, many of the pueblos in Chaco Canyon were abandoned when a long cycle of drought began in the San Juan Basin beginning in about 1130. The Ancient Puebloans were at their height of civilization when the lack of rainfall led to food storages.
What are chacoan outliers?
Chacoan Great Houses / Outliers These communities exhibit a series of features that archaeologists believe associate them with the Chaco phenomenon (e.g., monumental masonry great houses, subterranean great kivas, and a distinctive array of ceramics and exchange goods).
How many Chaco outliers are there?
In what states do we find Chaco outliers?
During the 900s and 1000s, a series of “Chacoan Outliers,”structures similar to those in Chaco Canyon, was constructed in western New Mexico, southwest Colorado, eastern Arizona and southeast Utah.