What were the different classes living in and around the manors and their roles in society?
The people living on the manor were from all “levels” of Feudalism: Peasants, Knights, Lords, and Nobles. There were usually large fields around the Manor used for livestock, crops, and hunting. The only people allowed to hunt in the manor’s forests were nobles.
Why manors should be self-sufficient?
A manor was self-sufficient, meaning that everything needed to survive could be located on the property. For example, manors had housing for all the people who worked for the lord and lady, food sources, water sources, and specialty shops.
What were the advantages of being a noble?
Nobles had a substantial advantage in this regard. Their lives were structured and organized in a way that incorporated military training into the daily schedule. They also enjoyed more wealth, and thereby greater availability of weapons and armor. A house of nobles would also employ fighters, specifically knights.
What were the advantages of being part of the 1st estate?
Among the other advantages held by the upper estates: The First Estate (the clergy) were about 100,000 in number but owned roughly ten percent of all the land. They did not pay tax, but did contribute a “voluntary gift” to the government.
What was life like for nobles?
Nobles lived in castles in the middle of a manor. They were in charge of everything that went on in the rest of the manor. Nobles often had control over the Serfs, or Peasants bound to the land. They had to give them permission to marry and made sure they were always correctly planting crops.
What were the main duties of the Lord?
Under the feudal contract, the lord had the duty to provide the fief for his vassal, to protect him, and to do him justice in his court. In return, the lord had the right to demand the services attached to the fief (military, judicial, administrative) and a right to various “incomes” known as feudal incidents.