When did the Herodian dynasty end?
The Herodian dynasty began with Herod the Great, who assumed the throne of Judea, with Roman support, bringing down the century long Hasmonean Kingdom. His kingdom lasted until his death in 4 BCE, when it was divided between his sons as a Tetrarchy, which lasted for about 10 years.
When did the Seleucid empire start?
Where is seleucia now?
Seleucia (/sɪˈljuːʃə/; Greek: Σελεύκεια), also known as Seleucia-on-Tigris or Seleucia on the Tigris, was a major Mesopotamian city of the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires. It stood on the west bank of the Tigris River opposite Ctesiphon, within the present-day Baghdad Governorate in Iraq.
Which religious texts are written in Middle Persian?
The corpus of medieval texts of Zoroastrian tradition include around 75 works, of which only a few are well known:
- the Denkard, “Acts of Religion”, is an encyclopedic compendium of Sassanid era beliefs and customs.
- the Bundahishn, “Original Creation”, is an important source of information on Zoroastrian cosmogony.
What scripts were used to write Middle Persian?
Old Persian was written with a cuneiform syllabary, the origin of which is still hotly disputed. Middle Persian, Parthian, Sogdian, and Old Khwārezmian were recorded in various forms of Aramaic script. Two forms of this script as they developed for writing Sogdian were adopted by the Uighurs.
Where did Persian language come from?
It originated in the region of Fars (Persia) in southwestern Iran. Its grammar is similar to that of many European languages. Throughout history, Persian was used as a prestigious language by various empires centered in Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia.
What was the major consequence of the battle of Actium?
It took place on 2 September 31 BC in the Ionian Sea near the promontory of Actium in Greece. Octavian’s victory enabled him to consolidate his power over Rome and its dominions. He adopted the title of Princeps (“first citizen”), and in 27 BC was awarded the title of Augustus (“revered”) by the Roman Senate.