How did Chavin display their gods?
with jade artwork. with stone sculptures. with obsidian carvings.
What did the Olmec carve into their giant stone heads?
The Olmec are probably best known for the statues they carved: 20 ton stone heads, quarried and carved to commemorate their rulers. The name Olmec is an Aztec word meaning the rubber people; the Olmec made and traded rubber throughout Mesoamerica.
What is the significance of the Caral Supé site?
Caral is the largest recorded site in the Andean region with dates older than 2000 BC and it appears to be the model for the urban design adopted by Andean civilisations that rose and fell over the span of four millennia.
What is maritime foundations hypothesis?
This Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization (MFAC) hypothesis argues, in sum (Moseley 1992, 5), that over deep prehistory along the Peruvian littoral, “the rich near-shore fishery had provided caloric support for 1) preceramic sedentary residence; 2) population growth, 3) large communities, and 4) the rise of …
When did the cotton Preceramic period in South America undergo the Neolithic?
The Cotton Preceramic period, the temporal “home” of all these sites, stretches for some 1200 years from 3000 to 1800 B.C. (or perhaps even later, if some of the sites are “aceramic” rather than “preceramic).
What is the agricultural hypothesis?
The recent growth in organic farming has given rise to the so-called “conventionalization hypothesis,” the idea that organic farming is becoming a slightly modified model of conventional agriculture. The results indicate that organic farming in the study regions indeed exhibits signs of incipient conventionalization.
What does pre ceramic mean?
Aceramic is defined as “not producing pottery”. It is sometimes used to refer to a specific early Neolithic period before a culture develops ceramics, such as the Middle Eastern Pre-Pottery Neolithic A, in which case it is a synonym of preceramic (or pre-pottery).