Why did coastal city-states develop in East Africa?
Growth. One of the root causes of the growth of city-states in this part of Africa was the migration of the Bantu-speaking people from the Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa. City-states developed all along the Eastern coast, from Mogadishu in the North to Mombasa, Zanzibar, and Sofala in the South.
Why the East African city-states grew wealthy?
Like the empires of West Africa, these sea- ports grew wealthy by controlling all incoming and outgoing trade. Some cities also manufactured trade goods for export. For example, weavers in Mogadishu and Sofala made cloth. Workers in Mombasa and Malindi made iron tools.
How did African kingdoms get rich?
In Western Africa, three kingdoms became wealthy beyond belief by controlling important stops along the trans-Saharan trade routes. The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai mined an abundance of gold, which was in high demand in North Africa and the southern Mediterranean coast of Europe.
Why were the Portuguese interested in East Africa?
Reasons for the coming of the Portuguese at the East African coast. The need to establish a commercial empire in order to get the products of East Africa e.g. ivory, gold, silks and spices that were mainly controlled by the Arabs merchants.
How did the Portuguese impact the East African coast?
In the sixteenth century the Portuguese drove the Arabs away from the east coast of Africa and established their own trade monopoly in the region. These fortresses enabled them to control the trade in the western Indian Ocean as well as the trade with the African kingdoms in the interior.
Did Germany invade South Africa in ww2?
Declaration of war against the Axis Upon becoming Prime Minister, on 6 September Smuts declared South Africa officially at war with Germany and the Axis. Smuts took severe action against the Ossewabrandwag movement and jailed its leaders, including Vorster, for the duration of the war.
Who did South Africa fight with in ww1?
With a population of roughly 6 million, between 1914 – 1918, over 250,000 South Africans of all races voluntarily served their country. Thousands more served in the British Army directly, with over 3,000 joining the British Royal Flying Corps and over 100 volunteering for the Royal Navy.
What famous tribe fought the Dutch off in South Africa?
The Khoikhoi–Dutch Wars were a series of conflicts that took place in the last half of the 17th century in what was known then as the Cape of Good Hope (today it refers to a smaller geographic spot), in the area of present-day Cape Town, South Africa, between Dutch settlers who came from the Netherlands and the local …